Operations Management 5th Edition Canadian Test Bank

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Operations Management 5th Edition Canadian Test Bank

Description

Operations Management 5th Edition Canadian Test Bank

 

Chapter 01 Introduction to Operations Management

Student: ___________________________________________________________________________

1. As a service business, the operations management activities of an airline company have nothing in common with the operations management activities within a bicycle manufacturing company.

True    False

 

2. Operations managers are responsible for managing activities and resources that produce goods and/or provide services.

True    False

 

3. Effectiveness refers to achieving intended goals whereas efficiency refers to minimizing cost and time.

True    False

 

4. Operations, marketing, and finance function independently of each other in most organizations.

True    False

 

5. The operations function exists only in firms that are goods-oriented.

True    False

 

6. Operations management pertains almost exclusively to the management of manufacturing operations.

True    False

 

7. Value-added refers to the cost of the inputs required to produce goods and services.

True    False

 

8. As long as a product is ready in advance of when customers demand it, the timing of when a product is manufactured does not influence the value-added.

True    False

 

9. Storing an item earlier than the scheduled delivery date is an example of a value adding activity.

True    False

 

10. Management information systems (MIS) are concerned with providing management with the information it needs to effectively manage.

True    False

 

11. Operations management involves both system design and planning/control decisions.

True    False

 

12. System design decisions have very little impact on planning/control decisions.

True    False

 

13. An example of an operations control decision is the choice of location.

True    False

 

14. Scheduling jobs is a system design decision and not a planning decision.

True    False

 

15. Design decisions are usually strategic and long term, while planning decisions are tactical and medium term.

True    False

 

16. Managing inventory levels is considered a planning/control operations decision area.

True    False

 

17. A basic difference between manufacturing and service organizations is that services are action-oriented and manufacturing is goods-oriented.

True    False

 

18. Service involves a much higher degree of customer contact than the production of goods.

True    False

 

19. Service often requires a higher labour content, whereas the production of goods is more capital intensive.

True    False

 

20. Measurement of productivity in service is more straightforward than in goods production due to the high degree of uniformity of inputs.

True    False

 

21. Models are simplified representations of something and thus ignore important aspects of a situation.

True    False

 

22. Quantitative techniques are often quick and practical techniques for many decisions.

True    False

 

23. A systems approach emphasizes interrelationships among subsystems, but its main theme is that the whole is greater than the sum of its individual parts.

True    False

 

24. Queuing techniques are useful for analyzing situations in which waiting lines form.

True    False

 

25. It is essential to use the systems approach when something is being designed, redesigned, implemented, improved, or otherwise changed.

True    False

 

26. A systems approach is to concentrate on efficiency within a subsystem and thereby achieve overall efficiency.

True    False

 

27. Many operations management decisions can be described as trade-offs.

True    False

 

28. The Pareto phenomenon is one of the most important and pervasive concepts that can be applied at all levels of management.

True    False

 

29. Operations managers, who usually use quantitative approaches, have no responsibility to make ethical decisions.

True    False

 

30. Prior to the Industrial Revolution, goods were produced primarily by craftsmen or their apprentices using custom made parts.

True    False

 

31. Frederick Taylor is often referred to as the “father of scientific management”.

True    False

 

32. The Human Relations Movement, which emphasized the importance of the human element in job design, was replaced by the more technical aspects of Scientific Management.

True    False

 

33. The moving assembly line introduced by Henry Ford is an example of the development of mass production based on large volumes of standardized goods produced using low or semi-skilled workers and highly specialized equipment.

True    False

 

34. The impact of globalization for manufacturing companies has been reduced reliance on long international supply chains because of the increasing cost to ship components and finished goods to foreign markets.

True    False

 

35. Operations management encompasses all of the following EXCEPT:

A. buying materials.

 

B. capacity planning.

 

C. scheduling.

 

D. motivating employees and training.

 

E. preparing financial statements.

 

36. Which of the following is a reason for studying operations management?

A. A large percentage of a company’s expenses occur in the operations management activities that are at the core of all business organizations.

 

B. Activities in all of the other areas of business organizations, such as accounting and marketing are interrelated with operations management activities.

 

C. Many management jobs are in operations management-related areas, such as production planning, inventory management, and more.

 

D. All of the choices are reasons.

 

E. None of the choices are correct.

 

37. The three primary functions that exist in most business organizations are:

A. manufacturing, production, and operations.

 

B. operations, marketing, and finance.

 

C. operations, accounting, and marketing.

 

D. operations, production, and finance.

 

E. none of the choices are correct.

 

38. The three major functions of business organizations:

A. perform different but related activities.

 

B. are related indirectly only.

 

C. must work together, but not very closely.

 

D. function independently of each other.

 

E. perform similar and related activities.

 

39. Which of the following is not a type of service operations?

A. Retail trade

 

B. Transportation and warehousing

 

C. Fabrication of metals

 

D. Banking

 

E. Hotels and restaurants

 

40. Measurements taken at various points in the transformation process for control purposes are called:

A. plans.

 

B. directions.

 

C. controls.

 

D. feedback.

 

E. proposals.

 

41. Measuring process outputs at various points in order to compare outputs to previously established standards to determine if corrective action is needed is called:

A. planning and directing.

 

B. directing and conversion.

 

C. feedback and control.

 

D. controlling and leading.

 

E. leading and transformation.

 

42. Value-added refers to:

A. the cost of inputs.

 

B. the price of outputs.

 

C. the difference between cost of inputs and what customers are willing to pay.

 

D. the extra profit obtained from increased productivity.

 

E. all of the choices are correct.

 

43. Economic analysis of investment proposals, and provision of funds are activities associated with the:

A. operation function.

 

B. marketing function.

 

C. purchasing function.

 

D. finance function.

 

E. industrial engineering function.

 

44. The marketing function’s main concern is with:

A. producing goods or providing services.

 

B. assessing customer wants and needs.

 

C. procuring materials, supplies, and equipment.

 

D. performing economic analysis of investment proposals.

 

E. securing monetary resources.

 

45. Planning decisions are usually __________ and __________ term.

A. strategic; long

 

B. tactical; medium

 

C. forecasting; short

 

D. strategic; short

 

E. tactical; long

 

46. Which of the following does not relate to system design?

A. Long term capacity

 

B. Location of facilities

 

C. Inventory management

 

D. Process design

 

E. Departmental layout

 

47. Tactical planning and control activities involve making decisions about all of the following EXCEPT:

A. location of facilities.

 

B. scheduling.

 

C. material requirements planning.

 

D. project management.

 

E. inventory management.

 

48. System capacity and location of facilities are examples of:

A. financial decisions.

 

B. tactical decisions.

 

C. systems design decisions.

 

D. operational planning decisions.

 

E. forecasting decisions.

 

49. The responsibilities of operations managers classified as planning activities include:

A. inventory, production pace, quality, and costs.

 

B. organizing departments, subcontracting, supplier contracts, and staffing.

 

C. forecasting, planning, organizing, and directing.

 

D. scheduling, job assignments, purchasing, and logistics.

 

E. capacity, location, layout, and mix of products.

 

50. Which of the following responsibilities of operations managers is considered a directing activity rather than a planning or control activity?

A. selecting production equipment

 

B. product mix decisions

 

C. scheduling workers

 

D. inventory management

 

E. layout of production facilities

 

51. Of the following, which aspect of the evolution of operations management is affiliated with Japanese manufacturing companies?

A. total quality management

 

B. scientific management

 

C. the human relations movement.

 

D. the industrial revolution.

 

E. craft production

 

52. Which is not a significant difference between manufacturing and service operations?

A. Cost per unit

 

B. Uniformity of output.

 

C. Labour content of jobs.

 

D. Amount of customer contact.

 

E. Measurement of productivity.

 

53. Which of the following is not a characteristic of service operations?

A. Intangible output.

 

B. High customer contact.

 

C. High labour content.

 

D. Easy measurement of productivity.

 

E. Low uniformity of output.

 

54. The responsibilities of operations managers classified as controlling activities are:

A. inventory, production pace, quality, and costs.

 

B. organizing departments, subcontracting, supplier contracts, and staffing.

 

C. forecasting, planning, organizing, and directing.

 

D. scheduling, job assignments, purchasing, and logistics.

 

E. capacity, location, layout, and mix of products.

 

55. Which of the following is not a general approach to decision-making?

A. Establishing priorities

 

B. Subjective approach

 

C. Analysis of trade-offs

 

D. Systems approach

 

E. Quantitative approaches

 

56. Which of the following is not a characteristic of models used to support decision making?

A. They provide a simplified representation of a design problem.

 

B. They ignore unimportant details, concentrating on the most important aspects of a situation.

 

C. They may be based on mathematical representations or graphical schematics.

 

D. They provide abstract representations of a design problem.

 

E. They are limited to representations of objective quantitative factors.

 

57. Which of the following is not true about the systems approach?

A. It recognizes the importance of taking into account the impact on all parts of the system.

 

B. It emphasizes interrelationships among subsystems.

 

C. It concentrates on efficiency within subsystems.

 

D. It becomes essential whenever something is being redesigned or improved.

 

E. The objectives of the whole take precedence over those of any one part.

 

58. Which is not a quantitative technique to problem solving?

A. Linear programming

 

B. Queuing techniques

 

C. Statistical techniques

 

D. Heuristic approach

 

E. All of the choices are quantitative approaches.

 

59. Dealing with the fact that certain aspects of any management situation are more important than others is called:

A. analysis of trade-offs.

 

B. sensitivity analysis.

 

C. establishing priorities.

 

D. analysis of variance.

 

E. decision analysis.

 

60. The fact that improvements in a few key areas of operations will have more impact than many improvements in less significant areas is referred to as the ___________.

A. forecasting approach

 

B. Pareto phenomenon

 

C. productivity challenge

 

D. analysis of trade-offs

 

E. ethical dilemma

 

61. Which of the following developments related to the historical evolution of operations management is the oldest?

A. The human relations movement advocated by Mayo, Maslow, and Hertzberg.

 

B. The introduction of the moving assembly line by Henry Ford.

 

C. Scientific management principles espoused by Frederick Taylor.

 

D. The principle of division of labour documented in Adam Smith’s book The Wealth of Nations.

 

E. The influence of Japanese management practices.

 

62. Which of the following is not properly matched?

A. Mathematical model for inventory management-Elton Mayo

 

B. Division of labour-Adam Smith

 

C. Scientific Management-F. W. Taylor

 

D. Motion study-Frank and Lillian Gilbreth

 

E. Moving assembly line-Henry Ford

 

63. Which of the following is not a major trend influencing the strategies of manufacturing organizations?

A. Globalization

 

B. The Internet and e-commerce

 

C. Introduction of mass production

 

D. Supply chain management

 

E. Technological advances

 

 

 

Chapter 01 Introduction to Operations Management Key

1. As a service business, the operations management activities of an airline company have nothing in common with the operations management activities within a bicycle manufacturing company.

FALSE

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: 01-01 Define the term operations management and identify operations management jobs.
Stevenson – Chapter 01 #1
Topic: 01-01 Introduction
 

 

2. Operations managers are responsible for managing activities and resources that produce goods and/or provide services.

TRUE

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: 01-01 Define the term operations management and identify operations management jobs.
Stevenson – Chapter 01 #2
Topic: 01-01 Introduction
 

 

3. Effectiveness refers to achieving intended goals whereas efficiency refers to minimizing cost and time.

TRUE

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: 01-01 Define the term operations management and identify operations management jobs.
Stevenson – Chapter 01 #3
Topic: 01-01 Introduction
 

 

4. Operations, marketing, and finance function independently of each other in most organizations.

FALSE

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: 01-02 Identify the three major functional areas of organizations and describe how they interrelate.
Stevenson – Chapter 01 #4
Topic: 01-04 Functions within Organizations
 

 

5. The operations function exists only in firms that are goods-oriented.

FALSE

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: 01-02 Identify the three major functional areas of organizations and describe how they interrelate.
Stevenson – Chapter 01 #5
Topic: 01-04 Functions within Organizations
 

 

6. Operations management pertains almost exclusively to the management of manufacturing operations.

FALSE

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: 01-01 Define the term operations management and identify operations management jobs.
Stevenson – Chapter 01 #6
Topic: 01-01 Introduction
 

 

7. Value-added refers to the cost of the inputs required to produce goods and services.

FALSE

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: 01-02 Identify the three major functional areas of organizations and describe how they interrelate.
Stevenson – Chapter 01 #7
Topic: 01-05 Operations
 

 

8. As long as a product is ready in advance of when customers demand it, the timing of when a product is manufactured does not influence the value-added.

FALSE

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: 01-02 Identify the three major functional areas of organizations and describe how they interrelate.
Stevenson – Chapter 01 #8
Topic: 01-05 Operations
 

 

9. Storing an item earlier than the scheduled delivery date is an example of a value adding activity.

FALSE

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: 01-02 Identify the three major functional areas of organizations and describe how they interrelate.
Stevenson – Chapter 01 #9
Topic: 01-05 Operations
 

 

10. Management information systems (MIS) are concerned with providing management with the information it needs to effectively manage.

TRUE

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: 01-02 Identify the three major functional areas of organizations and describe how they interrelate.
Stevenson – Chapter 01 #10
Topic: 01-08 Other Functions
 

 

11. Operations management involves both system design and planning/control decisions.

TRUE

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: 01-03 Describe the scope of operations management and provide an overview of this book including differentiating between design and planning/control decisions.
Stevenson – Chapter 01 #11
Topic: 01-09 The Scope of Operations Management
 

 

12. System design decisions have very little impact on planning/control decisions.

FALSE

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: 01-03 Describe the scope of operations management and provide an overview of this book including differentiating between design and planning/control decisions.
Stevenson – Chapter 01 #12
Topic: 01-09 The Scope of Operations Management
 

 

13. An example of an operations control decision is the choice of location.

FALSE

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Difficulty: Hard
Learning Objective: 01-03 Describe the scope of operations management and provide an overview of this book including differentiating between design and planning/control decisions.
Stevenson – Chapter 01 #13
Topic: 01-09 The Scope of Operations Management
 

 

14. Scheduling jobs is a system design decision and not a planning decision.

FALSE

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: 01-03 Describe the scope of operations management and provide an overview of this book including differentiating between design and planning/control decisions.
Stevenson – Chapter 01 #14
Topic: 01-09 The Scope of Operations Management
 

 

15. Design decisions are usually strategic and long term, while planning decisions are tactical and medium term.

TRUE

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: 01-03 Describe the scope of operations management and provide an overview of this book including differentiating between design and planning/control decisions.
Stevenson – Chapter 01 #15
Topic: 01-09 The Scope of Operations Management
 

 

16. Managing inventory levels is considered a planning/control operations decision area.

TRUE

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: 01-03 Describe the scope of operations management and provide an overview of this book including differentiating between design and planning/control decisions.
Stevenson – Chapter 01 #16
Topic: 01-09 The Scope of Operations Management
 

 

17. A basic difference between manufacturing and service organizations is that services are action-oriented and manufacturing is goods-oriented.

TRUE

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: 01-04 Compare goods and services.
Stevenson – Chapter 01 #17
Topic: 01-10 Differentiating Production of Goods and Services
 

 

18. Service involves a much higher degree of customer contact than the production of goods.

TRUE

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: 01-04 Compare goods and services.
Stevenson – Chapter 01 #18
Topic: 01-10 Differentiating Production of Goods and Services
 

 

19. Service often requires a higher labour content, whereas the production of goods is more capital intensive.

TRUE

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: 01-04 Compare goods and services.
Stevenson – Chapter 01 #19
Topic: 01-10 Differentiating Production of Goods and Services
 

 

20. Measurement of productivity in service is more straightforward than in goods production due to the high degree of uniformity of inputs.

FALSE

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: 01-04 Compare goods and services.
Stevenson – Chapter 01 #20
Topic: 01-10 Differentiating Production of Goods and Services
 

 

21. Models are simplified representations of something and thus ignore important aspects of a situation.

FALSE

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: 01-06 Describe the key aspects of operations management decision making.
Stevenson – Chapter 01 #21
Topic: 01-13 Models
 

 

22. Quantitative techniques are often quick and practical techniques for many decisions.

FALSE

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: 01-06 Describe the key aspects of operations management decision making.
Stevenson – Chapter 01 #22
Topic: 01-14 Quantitative Techniques
 

 

23. A systems approach emphasizes interrelationships among subsystems, but its main theme is that the whole is greater than the sum of its individual parts.

TRUE

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: 01-06 Describe the key aspects of operations management decision making.
Stevenson – Chapter 01 #23
Topic: 01-16 The Systems Approach
 

 

24. Queuing techniques are useful for analyzing situations in which waiting lines form.

TRUE

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: 01-06 Describe the key aspects of operations management decision making.
Stevenson – Chapter 01 #24
Topic: 01-14 Quantitative Techniques
 

 

25. It is essential to use the systems approach when something is being designed, redesigned, implemented, improved, or otherwise changed.

TRUE

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: 01-06 Describe the key aspects of operations management decision making.
Stevenson – Chapter 01 #25
Topic: 01-16 The Systems Approach
 

 

26. A systems approach is to concentrate on efficiency within a subsystem and thereby achieve overall efficiency.

FALSE

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: 01-06 Describe the key aspects of operations management decision making.
Stevenson – Chapter 01 #26
Topic: 01-16 The Systems Approach
 

 

27. Many operations management decisions can be described as trade-offs.

TRUE

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: 01-06 Describe the key aspects of operations management decision making.
Stevenson – Chapter 01 #27
Topic: 01-15 Analysis of Trade-Offs
 

 

28. The Pareto phenomenon is one of the most important and pervasive concepts that can be applied at all levels of management.

TRUE

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: 01-06 Describe the key aspects of operations management decision making.
Stevenson – Chapter 01 #28
Topic: 01-17 Establishing Priorities
 

 

29. Operations managers, who usually use quantitative approaches, have no responsibility to make ethical decisions.

FALSE

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: 01-06 Describe the key aspects of operations management decision making.
Stevenson – Chapter 01 #29
Topic: 01-18 Ethics
 

 

30. Prior to the Industrial Revolution, goods were produced primarily by craftsmen or their apprentices using custom made parts.

TRUE

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: 01-07 Briefly describe the historical evolution of operations management.
Stevenson – Chapter 01 #30
Topic: 01-19 The Historical Evolution of Operations Management
 

 

31. Frederick Taylor is often referred to as the “father of scientific management”.

TRUE

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: 01-07 Briefly describe the historical evolution of operations management.
Stevenson – Chapter 01 #31
Topic: 01-21 Scientific Management
 

 

32. The Human Relations Movement, which emphasized the importance of the human element in job design, was replaced by the more technical aspects of Scientific Management.

FALSE

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: 01-07 Briefly describe the historical evolution of operations management.
Stevenson – Chapter 01 #32
Topic: 01-22 The Human Relations Model
 

 

33. The moving assembly line introduced by Henry Ford is an example of the development of mass production based on large volumes of standardized goods produced using low or semi-skilled workers and highly specialized equipment.

TRUE

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: 01-07 Briefly describe the historical evolution of operations management.
Stevenson – Chapter 01 #33
Topic: 01-21 Scientific Management
 

 

34. The impact of globalization for manufacturing companies has been reduced reliance on long international supply chains because of the increasing cost to ship components and finished goods to foreign markets.

FALSE

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: 01-08 Identify some of the major trends that affect operations management.
Stevenson – Chapter 01 #34
Topic: 01-25 Major Trends
 

 

35. Operations management encompasses all of the following EXCEPT:

A. buying materials.

 

B. capacity planning.

 

C. scheduling.

 

D. motivating employees and training.

 

E. preparing financial statements.

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: 01-01 Define the term operations management and identify operations management jobs.
Stevenson – Chapter 01 #35
Topic: 01-01 Introduction
 

 

36. Which of the following is a reason for studying operations management?

A. A large percentage of a company’s expenses occur in the operations management activities that are at the core of all business organizations.

 

B. Activities in all of the other areas of business organizations, such as accounting and marketing are interrelated with operations management activities.

 

C. Many management jobs are in operations management-related areas, such as production planning, inventory management, and more.

 

D. All of the choices are reasons.

 

E. None of the choices are correct.

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: 01-01 Define the term operations management and identify operations management jobs.
Stevenson – Chapter 01 #36
Topic: 01-02 Why Study Operations Management?
 

 

37. The three primary functions that exist in most business organizations are:

A. manufacturing, production, and operations.

 

B. operations, marketing, and finance.

 

C. operations, accounting, and marketing.

 

D. operations, production, and finance.

 

E. none of the choices are correct.

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: 01-02 Identify the three major functional areas of organizations and describe how they interrelate.
Stevenson – Chapter 01 #37
Topic: 01-04 Functions within Organizations
 

 

38. The three major functions of business organizations:

A. perform different but related activities.

 

B. are related indirectly only.

 

C. must work together, but not very closely.

 

D. function independently of each other.

 

E. perform similar and related activities.

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: 01-02 Identify the three major functional areas of organizations and describe how they interrelate.
Stevenson – Chapter 01 #38
Topic: 01-04 Functions within Organizations
 

 

39. Which of the following is not a type of service operations?

A. Retail trade

 

B. Transportation and warehousing

 

C. Fabrication of metals

 

D. Banking

 

E. Hotels and restaurants

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: 01-04 Compare goods and services.
Stevenson – Chapter 01 #39
Topic: 01-10 Differentiating Production of Goods and Services
 

 

40. Measurements taken at various points in the transformation process for control purposes are called:

A. plans.

 

B. directions.

 

C. controls.

 

D. feedback.

 

E. proposals.

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Difficulty: Hard
Learning Objective: 01-02 Identify the three major functional areas of organizations and describe how they interrelate.
Stevenson – Chapter 01 #40
Topic: 01-04 Functions within Organizations
 

 

41. Measuring process outputs at various points in order to compare outputs to previously established standards to determine if corrective action is needed is called:

A. planning and directing.

 

B. directing and conversion.

 

C. feedback and control.

 

D. controlling and leading.

 

E. leading and transformation.

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: 01-02 Identify the three major functional areas of organizations and describe how they interrelate.
Stevenson – Chapter 01 #41
Topic: 01-04 Functions within Organizations
 

 

42. Value-added refers to:

A. the cost of inputs.

 

B. the price of outputs.

 

C. the difference between cost of inputs and what customers are willing to pay.

 

D. the extra profit obtained from increased productivity.

 

E. all of the choices are correct.

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Difficulty: Hard
Learning Objective: 01-02 Identify the three major functional areas of organizations and describe how they interrelate.
Stevenson – Chapter 01 #42
Topic: 01-04 Functions within Organizations
 

 

43. Economic analysis of investment proposals, and provision of funds are activities associated with the:

A. operation function.

 

B. marketing function.

 

C. purchasing function.

 

D. finance function.

 

E. industrial engineering function.

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: 01-02 Identify the three major functional areas of organizations and describe how they interrelate.
Stevenson – Chapter 01 #43
Topic: 01-06 Finance
 

 

44. The marketing function’s main concern is with:

A. producing goods or providing services.

 

B. assessing customer wants and needs.

 

C. procuring materials, supplies, and equipment.

 

D. performing economic analysis of investment proposals.

 

E. securing monetary resources.

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Difficulty: Easy
Learning Objective: 01-02 Identify the three major functional areas of organizations and describe how they interrelate.
Stevenson – Chapter 01 #44
Topic: 01-07 Marketing
 

 

45. Planning decisions are usually __________ and __________ term.

A. strategic; long

 

B. tactical; medium

 

C. forecasting; short

 

D. strategic; short

 

E. tactical; long

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: 01-03 Describe the scope of operations management and provide an overview of this book including differentiating between design and planning/control decisions.
Stevenson – Chapter 01 #45
Topic: 01-09 The Scope of Operations Management
 

 

46. Which of the following does not relate to system design?

A. Long term capacity

 

B. Location of facilities

 

C. Inventory management

 

D. Process design

 

E. Departmental layout

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Difficulty: Hard
Learning Objective: 01-03 Describe the scope of operations management and provide an overview of this book including differentiating between design and planning/control decisions.
Stevenson – Chapter 01 #46
Topic: 01-09 The Scope of Operations Management
 

 

47. Tactical planning and control activities involve making decisions about all of the following EXCEPT:

A. location of facilities.

 

B. scheduling.

 

C. material requirements planning.

 

D. project management.

 

E. inventory management.

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Difficulty: Hard
Learning Objective: 01-03 Describe the scope of operations management and provide an overview of this book including differentiating between design and planning/control decisions.
Stevenson – Chapter 01 #47
Topic: 01-09 The Scope of Operations Management
 

 

48. System capacity and location of facilities are examples of:

A. financial decisions.

 

B. tactical decisions.

 

C. systems design decisions.

 

D. operational planning decisions.

 

E. forecasting decisions.

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Difficulty: Hard
Learning Objective: 01-03 Describe the scope of operations management and provide an overview of this book including differentiating between design and planning/control decisions.
Stevenson – Chapter 01 #48
Topic: 01-09 The Scope of Operations Management
 

 

49. The responsibilities of operations managers classified as planning activities include:

A. inventory, production pace, quality, and costs.

 

B. organizing departments, subcontracting, supplier contracts, and staffing.

 

C. forecasting, planning, organizing, and directing.

 

D. scheduling, job assignments, purchasing, and logistics.

 

E. capacity, location, layout, and mix of products.

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: 01-05 Discuss the operations managers job.
Stevenson – Chapter 01 #49
Topic: 01-11 The Operations Managers Job
 

 

50. Which of the following responsibilities of operations managers is considered a directing activity rather than a planning or control activity?

A. selecting production equipment

 

B. product mix decisions

 

C. scheduling workers

 

D. inventory management

 

E. layout of production facilities

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: 01-05 Discuss the operations managers job.
Stevenson – Chapter 01 #50
Topic: 01-11 The Operations Managers Job
 

 

51. Of the following, which aspect of the evolution of operations management is affiliated with Japanese manufacturing companies?

A. total quality management

 

B. scientific management

 

C. the human relations movement.

 

D. the industrial revolution.

 

E. craft production

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Difficulty: Hard
Learning Objective: 01-07 Briefly describe the historical evolution of operations management.
Stevenson – Chapter 01 #51
Topic: 01-24 The Influence of Japanese Manufacturers
 

 

52. Which is not a significant difference between manufacturing and service operations?

A. Cost per unit

 

B. Uniformity of output.

 

C. Labour content of jobs.

 

D. Amount of customer contact.

 

E. Measurement of productivity.

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Difficulty: Hard
Learning Objective: 01-04 Compare goods and services.
Stevenson – Chapter 01 #52
Topic: 01-10 Differentiating Production of Goods and Services
 

 

53. Which of the following is not a characteristic of service operations?

A. Intangible output.

 

B. High customer contact.

 

C. High labour content.

 

D. Easy measurement of productivity.

 

E. Low uniformity of output.

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: 01-04 Compare goods and services.
Stevenson – Chapter 01 #53
Topic: 01-10 Differentiating Production of Goods and Services
 

 

54. The responsibilities of operations managers classified as controlling activities are:

A. inventory, production pace, quality, and costs.

 

B. organizing departments, subcontracting, supplier contracts, and staffing.

 

C. forecasting, planning, organizing, and directing.

 

D. scheduling, job assignments, purchasing, and logistics.

 

E. capacity, location, layout, and mix of products.

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Difficulty: Hard
Learning Objective: 01-05 Discuss the operations managers job.
Stevenson – Chapter 01 #54
Topic: 01-11 The Operations Managers Job
 

 

55. Which of the following is not a general approach to decision-making?

A. Establishing priorities

 

B. Subjective approach

 

C. Analysis of trade-offs

 

D. Systems approach

 

E. Quantitative approaches

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: 01-06 Describe the key aspects of operations management decision making.
Stevenson – Chapter 01 #55
Topic: 01-12 Operations Managers and Decision Making
 

 

56. Which of the following is not a characteristic of models used to support decision making?

A. They provide a simplified representation of a design problem.

 

B. They ignore unimportant details, concentrating on the most important aspects of a situation.

 

C. They may be based on mathematical representations or graphical schematics.

 

D. They provide abstract representations of a design problem.

 

E. They are limited to representations of objective quantitative factors.

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: 01-06 Describe the key aspects of operations management decision making.
Stevenson – Chapter 01 #56
Topic: 01-12 Operations Managers and Decision Making
 

 

57. Which of the following is not true about the systems approach?

A. It recognizes the importance of taking into account the impact on all parts of the system.

 

B. It emphasizes interrelationships among subsystems.

 

C. It concentrates on efficiency within subsystems.

 

D. It becomes essential whenever something is being redesigned or improved.

 

E. The objectives of the whole take precedence over those of any one part.

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: 01-06 Describe the key aspects of operations management decision making.
Stevenson – Chapter 01 #57
Topic: 01-16 The Systems Approach
 

 

58. Which is not a quantitative technique to problem solving?

A. Linear programming

 

B. Queuing techniques

 

C. Statistical techniques

 

D. Heuristic approach

 

E. All of the choices are quantitative approaches.

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Difficulty: Hard
Learning Objective: 01-06 Describe the key aspects of operations management decision making.
Stevenson – Chapter 01 #58
Topic: 01-14 Quantitative Techniques
 

 

59. Dealing with the fact that certain aspects of any management situation are more important than others is called:

A. analysis of trade-offs.

 

B. sensitivity analysis.

 

C. establishing priorities.

 

D. analysis of variance.

 

E. decision analysis.

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: 01-06 Describe the key aspects of operations management decision making.
Stevenson – Chapter 01 #59
Topic: 01-17 Establishing Priorities
 

 

60. The fact that improvements in a few key areas of operations will have more impact than many improvements in less significant areas is referred to as the ___________.

A. forecasting approach

 

B. Pareto phenomenon

 

C. productivity challenge

 

D. analysis of trade-offs

 

E. ethical dilemma

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: 01-06 Describe the key aspects of operations management decision making.
Stevenson – Chapter 01 #60
Topic: 01-17 Establishing Priorities
 

 

61. Which of the following developments related to the historical evolution of operations management is the oldest?

A. The human relations movement advocated by Mayo, Maslow, and Hertzberg.

 

B. The introduction of the moving assembly line by Henry Ford.

 

C. Scientific management principles espoused by Frederick Taylor.

 

D. The principle of division of labour documented in Adam Smith’s book The Wealth of Nations.

 

E. The influence of Japanese management practices.

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: 01-07 Briefly describe the historical evolution of operations management.
Stevenson – Chapter 01 #61
Topic: 01-19 The Historical Evolution of Operations Management
 

 

62. Which of the following is not properly matched?

A. Mathematical model for inventory management-Elton Mayo

 

B. Division of labour-Adam Smith

 

C. Scientific Management-F. W. Taylor

 

D. Motion study-Frank and Lillian Gilbreth

 

E. Moving assembly line-Henry Ford

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: 01-07 Briefly describe the historical evolution of operations management.
Stevenson – Chapter 01 #62
Topic: 01-19 The Historical Evolution of Operations Management
 

 

63. Which of the following is not a major trend influencing the strategies of manufacturing organizations?

A. Globalization

 

B. The Internet and e-commerce

 

C. Introduction of mass production

 

D. Supply chain management

 

E. Technological advances

 

Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation
Difficulty: Medium
Learning Objective: 01-08 Identify some of the major trends that affect operations management.
Stevenson – Chapter 01 #63
Topic: 01-25 Major Trends
 

 

 

Chapter 01 Introduction to Operations Management Summary

Category # of Questions
Accessibility: Keyboard Navigation 63
Difficulty: Easy 14
Difficulty: Hard 10
Difficulty: Medium 39
Learning Objective: 01-01 Define the term operations management and identify operations management jobs. 6
Learning Objective: 01-02 Identify the three major functional areas of organizations and describe how they interrelate. 13
Learning Objective: 01-03 Describe the scope of operations management and provide an overview of this book including differentiating between design and planning/control decisions. 10
Learning Objective: 01-04 Compare goods and services. 7
Learning Objective: 01-05 Discuss the operations managers job. 3
Learning Objective: 01-06 Describe the key aspects of operations management decision making. 15
Learning Objective: 01-07 Briefly describe the historical evolution of operations management. 7
Learning Objective: 01-08 Identify some of the major trends that affect operations management. 2
Stevenson – Chapter 01 63
Topic: 01-01 Introduction 5
Topic: 01-02 Why Study Operations Management? 1
Topic: 01-04 Functions within Organizations 7
Topic: 01-05 Operations 3
Topic: 01-06 Finance 1
Topic: 01-07 Marketing 1
Topic: 01-08 Other Functions 1
Topic: 01-09 The Scope of Operations Management 10
Topic: 01-10 Differentiating Production of Goods and Services 7
Topic: 01-11 The Operations Managers Job 3
Topic: 01-12 Operations Managers and Decision Making 2
Topic: 01-13 Models 1
Topic: 01-14 Quantitative Techniques 3
Topic: 01-15 Analysis of Trade-Offs 1
Topic: 01-16 The Systems Approach 4
Topic: 01-17 Establishing Priorities 3
Topic: 01-18 Ethics 1
Topic: 01-19 The Historical Evolution of Operations Management 3
Topic: 01-21 Scientific Management 2
Topic: 01-22 The Human Relations Model 1
Topic: 01-24 The Influence of Japanese Manufacturers 1
Topic: 01-25 Major Trends 2

 

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