Basic Clinical Laboratory Techniques 6th Edition Test Bank

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Basic Clinical Laboratory Techniques 6th Edition Test Bank

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Basic Clinical Laboratory Techniques 6th Edition Test Bank

Lesson 1-1: Introduction to the Clinical Laboratory

 

TRUE/FALSE

 

  1. A laboratory that performs chemical and microscopic tests on blood, other body fluids, and tissues is called a clinical laboratory.

 

ANS:   T                    PTS:   1

 

  1. In 2005 more than 189,000 clinical laboratories were listed with Department of Health and Human Service (DHHS) as providing services to humans in the United States.

 

ANS:   T                    PTS:   1

 

  1. Clinical laboratories are found only in university teaching hospitals.

 

ANS:   F                    PTS:   1

 

  1. Epidemiology is an important function of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

 

ANS:   T                    PTS:   1

 

  1. A phlebotomist is a health care worker trained in blood collection.

 

ANS:   T                    PTS:   1

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE

 

  1. An international, nonprofit organization that establishes standards of best current practice for clinical laboratories is:
a. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
b. Commission on Office Laboratory Accreditation (COLA)
c. Clinical Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI)
d. the Joint Commission

 

 

ANS:   C                    PTS:   1

 

  1. The branch of biology dealing with microbes is called:
a. virology c. microbiology
b. mycology d. epidemiology

 

 

ANS:   C                    PTS:   1

 

  1. The governmental agency that oversees public health care matters in the United States is:
a. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
b. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS)
c. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
d. Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI)

 

 

ANS:   B                    PTS:   1

 

  1. The division of Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) responsible for protecting public health by ensuring the safety and efficacy of foods, drugs, biological products, medical devices, and cosmetics is:
a. Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)
b. the Joint Commission
c. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
d. Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI)

 

 

ANS:   C                    PTS:   1

 

  1. The agency within Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) responsible for implementing CLIA ’88 is:
a. Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI)
b. Commission on Office Laboratory Accreditation (COLA)
c. Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS)
d. Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)

 

 

ANS:   C                    PTS:   1

 

COMPLETION

 

  1. The study of human blood groups is called ____________________.

 

ANS:

immunohematology

blood banking

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. The central laboratory for the national public health system is the ____________________.

 

ANS:

CDC

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. A health care worker trained in blood collection is a(n) ____________________.

 

ANS:   phlebotomist

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. The liquid portion of the blood in which the blood cells are suspended is called ____________________.

 

ANS:   plasma

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. The liquid obtained from blood that has been allowed to clot is called ____________________.

 

ANS:   serum

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. A physician specially trained in the nature and cause of disease is a(n) ____________________.

 

ANS:   pathologist

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. Mycology is the study of ____________________.

 

ANS:   fungi

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. Performing testing near the patient rather than in the traditional laboratory setting is called ____________________ testing.

 

ANS:

point-of-care

point of care

POC

near-patient

alternate site

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. The person who is responsible for the day-to-day operation of a laboratory and works directly under the authority of the laboratory director is the ____________________.

 

ANS:

technical supervisor

chief technologist

laboratory manager

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. Programs in which laboratories are sent blind samples that are analyzed, reported, and compared to the results from other laboratories are called ____________________ programs.

 

ANS:

proficiency testing

PT

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 protects ____________________.

 

ANS:

personal health information

patient privacy

patient health information

 

PTS:   1

 

  1. The voluntary process by which an independent agency grants recognition to entities that meet or exceed established standards of quality is ____________________.

 

ANS:   accreditation

 

PTS:   1

 

MATCHING

 

Choose the best match for each item. Use an answer only once.

a. CLIA ’88
b. the Joint Commission
c. accreditation
d. COLA
e. pathologist
f. accessioning
g. CLSI (formerly NCCLS)
h. CDC
i. epidemiology
j. CMS

 

 

  1. central laboratory for the national public health system

 

  1. voluntary process to obtain recognition for institutions meeting certain standards

 

  1. agency within DHHS responsible for implementing CLIA ’88

 

  1. federal act that specifies minimum performance standards for clinical labs

 

  1. process by which specimens are logged in and assigned an ID code

 

  1. agency that offers accreditation to physician office laboratories

 

  1. study of factors that determine disease frequency

 

  1. independent agency that accredits hospitals and large health care facilities

 

  1. international, nonprofit organization that establishes standards of best current practice for laboratories

 

  1. physician specially trained in the nature and cause of disease

 

  1. ANS:   H                   PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:   C                    PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:   J                     PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:   A                    PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:   F                    PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:   D                   PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:   I                     PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:   B                    PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:   G                   PTS:   1

 

  1. ANS:   E                    PTS:   1

 

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